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Volume 18, Issue 2 (2018)

A Few Words from the Bench: An Exploratory Study of Judges’ Communication “To” and “About” the Jury
Traci Feller, Ph.D., University of Washington

Confirming Ideology: The Ideological State Apparatus and “Anti-Ideology Topoi” in Supreme Court Confirmation Literature
Christopher R. Darr, Ph.D., Indiana University Kokomo and 
Paul Cook, Ph.D., Indiana University Kokomo

The Rhetorical Invention of Laws of Sacrifice: Kelo v. New London
Keren Wang, Ph.D., Penn State University

Constructing Means and Ends in Defining Obamacare: Contrasting Supreme Court Constructions of Congressional Motives in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius and King v. Burwell
Clarke Rountree, Ph.D., University of Alabama in Huntsville



Volume 18, Issue 1 (2018)
Special Issue: “Freedom of Speech and the Press in President Trump’s First Year”

Scholars arrived at the National Communication Association conference in Philadelphia (2016) on the heels of the presidential election won by Donald Trump. No matter which candidate one supported, there was much speculation about the country’s future following the election of such a polarizing figure. At NCA in Dallas (2017), President Trump and his Administration were the topic of a number of papers and panels. Clearly, as scholars we find the 45th Presidential Administration to be a rich source for study. Thus the inspiration for a special issue of this journal to give scholars an opportunity to examine the Trumpian Era in terms of the First Amendment, particularly freedom of speech and freedom of the press. In this issue, you will find six articles discussing an interesting range of topics related to the call. We hope you enjoy each of them.

Guest Editors:
Pamela L. Morris, Ph.D., Indiana University-Purdue University Columbus
Susan H. Sarapin, Ph.D., Troy University

Guest Reviewers:
Kevin Coe, Ph.D., University of Utah
Jeffrey A. Hamburg, Attorney
Sorin A. Matei. Ph.D., Purdue University
Joseph Sery, Ph.D., Christopher Newport University
Gretchen K. G. Underwood, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg

Trump, Nixon, and the War on the Press
M. Elizabeth Thorpe, Ph.D., The College at Brockport, State University of New York

War Stories: Trump’s Narratives and Freedom of the Press
Ann E. Burnette, Ph.D., Texas State University
Rebekah L. Fox, Ph.D., Texas State University

The Cynical Manipulation of Universities as Public Forums in the Age of Trump
Susan Balter-Reitz, Ph.D., Montana State University Billings
Michael Bruner, Ph.D., The University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Our Future Democracy: Reconsidering Regulation of Social Media in the Era of Trumpian Politics
John P. Hendry, Georgia State University
Christopher M. Toula, Ph.D., Georgia State University
Gregory Lisby, Ph.D., Georgia State University

Who Speaks and How? Rethinking Citizens United After Donald Trump’s Election
Joshua Bentley, Ph.D., Texas Christian University
Maureen Taylor, Ph.D., University of Tennessee
Ying Xiong, University of Tennessee

I Will Fight (For) You’: Donald Trump, The First Amendment, and the LGBTQ Community
Bruce E. Drushel, Ph.D., Miami University 



Volume 17, Issue 1 (2017)

Law, Invention, and the Literary Imagination: Toward a Rhetorical Understanding of Martha Nussbaum’s “Poet-Judge”
Joseph Sery, Ph.D., Christopher Newport University   

Censoring Hate Speech in U.S. Social Media Content: Understanding the User’s Perspective 
Caitlin Carlson, Ph.D., Seattle University

Executive Censorship of Science: Muzzling Federal Researchers, Thwarting the Public’s Right to Know, and Impairing Trust in Government 
Susan Sarapin, Ph.D., Troy University, and 
Pamela Morris, Ph.D., Indiana University-Purdue University, Columbia

When Free Expression Becomes Micro-aggression: The Yale Emails and the Domestication of Halloween 
Terry Toles-Patkin, Ph.D. Eastern Connecticut State University

Rights Still Protected at Schoolhouse Gate: Work-for-hire for Student Journalists Fails to Diffuse across District Boundaries 
Bradley Wilson, Ph.D., Midwestern State University



Volume 16, Issue 2 (2016): Special Issue on Antonin Scalia

Antonin Scalia: A Study in Contradictions
Catherine L. Langford, Ph.D., Texas Tech University

Justice Scalia’s Communication Legacy: Going Public and the Republican Rhetorical Style
Jennifer J. Asenas, Ph.D., California State University, Long Beach
Kevin A. Johnson, Ph.D., California State University, Long Beach

Supreme Court Justices Antonin Scalia and Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Communicating the Virtue of Friendliness
Pat Arneson, Ph.D., Duquesne University

Justice Scalia 2.0: Replacing “The Supreme Court’s Unlikely Defender of Technology”
Mark Grabowski, J.D., Adelphi University



Volume 16, Issue 1 (2016)

Richard Posner and the Rhetoric of (Economic) Common Sense
Joseph Sery, Ph.D., Christopher Newport University

Free Expression, Privacy, and Intellectual Property Online: Contesting Intermediary Liability
Lucas Logan, Ph.D., University of Houston—Downtown

Rhetorical Criticism as Essential Legal Skill: Some Thoughts on Developing Lawyers as “Public Citizens”
Kirsten K. Davis, J.D., Ph. D., Stetson University College of Law

Media Education v. Censorship: A 100-Year-Old Solution for 21st Century Media
Michael Bowman, Ph.D., Arkansas State University
Holly K. Hall, J.D., Arkansas State University



Volume 15, Issue 2 (2015)

Chief Justice Rehnquist’s Preemptive Apologia in Bush v. Gore 
Craig R. Smith, Ph.D. California State University, Long Beach

Judicial Interpretation of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties: Beyond the Doctrine of Stare Decisis 
Pat Arneson Ph.D. Duquesne University

Checking the Checking Value in the Teapot Dome Scandal 
David R. Dewberry, Ph.D. Rider University



Volume 15, Issue 1 (2015)

The Living Constitution: Origins and Rhetorical Implications of the Constitution as Agent
Catherine L. Langford, Texas Tech University

First Amendment Tension: Advocacy and Clear and Present Danger
Mark Goodman, Mississippi State University


Special Student Forum on Free Speech

Contemporary Lessons in Decorum: Maintaining and Challenging the Status Quo
Ty Lasater, Texas State University

From Temporary Incentive to Perpetual Entitlement: Historical Perspective on the Evolving Nature of Copyright in America
Evan Billingsley, University of Arkansas

Communication and the Mexican Constitution: An Examination of Cultural and Literal Implications
Leah Acoach, University of Arkansas

Ward v. Santa Fe Independent School District: A Plaintiff’s Ethnography of First Amendment Litigation
Marian L. Ward, University of Arkansas at Little Rock



Volume 14, Issue 2 (2014)

Ordinance 556: The Comic Book Code Comes to Blytheville, Arkansas
Michael Bowman, Arkansas State University
Holly Kathleen Hall, Arkansas State University

The FCC Whence and Wither: How to Protect the Internet’s Golden Age
James Heller, University of New South Wales Law School



Volume 14, Issue 1 (2014)

From Edicts to Human Flesh Searches: Legal Communication and Practice in China's New Media Environment
Rya Butterfield, Nicholls State University
Nathan Crick, Texas A&M University

Obscene or Clean?: A Semiotic Analysis of “Awful Billboard Blight”
Catherine L. Riley, Texas A&M University

The Effects of the Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn Decision: Almost Four Decades Later
Jefferson Tarter Spurlock, Troy University 



Volume 13, Issue 1 (2013)

Contested Values and Constitutional Lacunae: Sambo, the Sig Eps, and Surreptitious Speech Codes
Stephen A. Smith, University of Arkansas

Corporate Free Speech v. Free Elections:  A Political Economic Analysis of Network News Transcripts Surrounding Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
Shea Lynn Smock, Florida State University

Curbing Deception: Why the FCC Should Establish Formal News Distortion Regulations for Broadcast Programming
Caitlin Ring, University of Colorado Boulder 



Volume 12, Issue 1 (2012)

Enacting Guerilla Marketing to Attain Commercial Speech Protection
Jeremy Langett, Lynchburg College

Defeat in Decision, Victory in Action: A Critical Legal Rhetoric Reading of U.S. v. Patridge et al. (1963)
William Harrel Lawson, University of Maryland, College Park
Scott Alan Smith, Westat

The Sharp Citizen: Applying the Lessons Learned from Joseph Weston to the Criminal Libel Outlook of the Future
Holly K. Hall, J.D., APR, Arkansas State University

The Rhetoric of the Web: The Rhetoric of the Streets Revisited Again
Brett Lunceford, University of South Alabama



Volume 11, Issue 2 (2011)

Race and Racism in the Collective Memory of the Law: The Case of Roger B. Taney and Dred Scott v. Sandford
Catherine L. Langford, Texas Tech University

Will Someone Please Think of the Children? An Analysis of Congressional Investigations of Violent Media
Greg Blackburn, University of Arkansas

Essays Honoring Franklyn S. Haiman

The Insight, Influence, and Inspiration of Franklyn S. Haiman
Stephen A. Smith, University of Arkansas

Speech and Law in a Free Society: Franklyn Haiman and the “Boisterous Sea of Liberty”
Dale A. Herbeck, Boston College

Franklyn Haiman’s Approach to the Problem of Incitement
Juliet Dee, University of Delaware

Reflections and Recollections of Franklyn Haiman as Mentor, Colleague and Civil Libertarian
Robert M. O’Neil, University of Virginia Law School



Volume 11, Issue 1 (2011)

Altering (Dynamic) Social Ideologies through the Exercise of Free Speech
Pat Arneson, Ph.D., Duquesne University

The Anti-Corruption Argument in Freedom of Expression Discourse
W. Thomas Duncanson, Millikin University

In Defense of Unity & English-Only: On the Early Political Battles to ‘Unite’ the Nation
Donathan L. Brown, Ph.D.,Ithaca College

The Speech, Not the Speaker: Protecting Public School Student Expression
Erica R. Salkin, University of Wisconsin-Madison



Volume 10, Issue 2 (2010)

“Shut Up and Sing”: The Dixie Chicks and the State of Free Speech in the United States
Catherine L. Langford Ph.D., Texas Tech University

Arguments Against Use of the Reid Technique for Juvenile Interrogations
Buffie Brooke Merryman M.A., J.D., Merryman Law Firm

Conflict of Interest, Bias, and Manipulation: Reassessing Prescriber Education and the Learned Intermediary Doctrine
Michael P. Pagano, PA-C, Ph.D., Fairfield University

“People Did Sometimes Stick Things in my Underwear” The Function of Laughter at the U.S. Supreme Court
Ryan A. Malphurs, Ph.D.



Volume 10, Issue 1 (2010): A Special Issue on Critical Race Theory 

Critical Race Theory as a Means to Deconstruct, Recover and Evolve in Communication Studies
Rachel Alicia Griffin, Southern Illinois University 
Guest Editor

Critical Intersections and Comic Possibilities: Extending Racialized Critical Rhetorical Scholarship
Jonathan P. Rossing,Indiana University–Bloomington

The Ghost of Moby-Dick and the Rhetorical Haunting of the Ninth Court’s Anderson v. Evans Decision
Kelly M. Young, Wayne State University 

Reversal of Privilege: Deconstructing Imperialism, Racism, and Power in the Film White Man’s Burden
Tina M. Harris and Kirsten Weber, University of Georgia



Volume 9, Issue 2 (2009) 

Toward a Genre of Judicial Dissent: Lochner and Casey as Exemplars
Catherine L. Langford, Ph.D., Texas Tech University

Rhetorically Re-visioning the Right of Political Expression: A Critical Analysis of Frazier v. Boomsma
Richard A. Parker, Ph.D., Northern Arizona University

“Side Effects May Include Headache and Eye Strain” Talk to Your Doctor about Prescription Drug Advertising: A Suggestion for Revision of Prescription Drug Advertising Regulation
Shannon Grace Stevens, J.D.

Protecting “Signal Bleed” as Freedom of Speech: An Analysis of United States et al v. Playboy Entertainment Group, Inc.
Elizabeth Hatfield, M.A.,Texas A&M University

“Something Old Is New Again”: A Note on the Status of the “Government Speech Doctrine” after Pleasant Grove City, Utah v. Summum
Jim Vickrey, Ph.D., J.D., Troy University Montgomery



Volume 9, Issue 1 (2009)

Words on the Market: Consent Theory and the Public Interest 
George Bagley (gbagley@pegasus.cc.ucf.edu)
Tim Brown, Nicholson School of Communication, University of Central Florida

Standing as Empowering and Limiting: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Office of Communication of the United Church of Christ v. Federal Communications Commission (1966)
William H Lawson (whl03c@fsu.edu) & Jennifer M. Proffitt (jproffitt@fsu.edu), Florida State University

Until the People Spoke: The California Supreme Court’s Response to Same-Sex “Marriage” in In Re Marriages
Michael A. Cavanagh, J.D. (cavanaghm@ecu.edu), East Carolina University



Volume 8, Issue 2 (2008)

Law Imitating Art: American Judicial Opinions Performing The Merchant of Venice
Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas

The Praxis of Coercion by American Presidents in Times of Crisis
Mark Goodman, Mississippi State University

Credibility Lessening Tactics Utilized in the Courtroom by Male and Female Attorneys
Sarah Ubel,Washburn University

Explorations of Juror Reasoning: Extending our Understanding of the Influence of Attorney Opening Statement/Closing Argument Organizational Strategy
Shelley C. Spiecker, Ph.D., Senior Litigation Consultant Persuasion Strategies, Denver, CO
Debra L. Worthington, Auburn University

A Comparative Case Study of Censorship in Public Schools: “The Chocolate Wars” and the “Battle of the Books”
Cortney Smith, University of Arkansas



Volume 8, Issue 1 (2007)

Anarchy and Jurisprudence: Examining Emma Goldman’s Fight to Secure Free Speech by Challenging the Comstock Act
Rebekah L. Fox, Purdue University Robin Patric Clair, Purdue University

Campaign Finance Regulation of Online Political Speech: Background and Implications of the FEC's Latest Ruling
Scott W. Dunn, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Reducing the Hindsight Bias in Mock-Juror Decision Making: Assessing the Effectiveness of a Court-Appointed Witness
Debra L. Worthington, Auburn University

The Impact of Modern Copyright Law on the Creation of Derivative Literary Works
Matt Hlinak, Northwestern University



Volume 7, Issue 1 (2007)

Senatorial and Judicial First Amendment Rhetoric of  Hugo LaFayette Black 
Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas

Testing Supreme Court assumptions in California v. la Rue: Is There Justification for Prohibiting Sexually Explicit Messages in Establishments that Sell Liquor?
Daniel Linz, University of California at Santa Barbara, Mike Z. Yao, City University of Hong Kong  Sahara Byrne, University of California at Santa Barbara

Freedom of Expression, Hate Speech, and Models of Personhood in Hungarian Political Discourse
David Boromisza-Habashi, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 

From Hazelwood to Hosty: Student Publications as Public Forums
Christopher J. Hunker, Boston College

A First Amendment Analysis of Hate Speech Aimed at Illegal Immigrants: When Intolerant Speech is No Longer Protected
Joshua Azriel, Kennesaw State University



Volume 6, Issue 2 (2006)

Grandma’s Book on Sex and the Comstock Act: Censorship, Anthony Comstock, and Mary Ware Dennett
Linda Baughman, Christopher Newport University

Expanding the Public Forum Doctrine in Cyberspace: Some Lessons from Jersey
Faith M. Sparr, University of Michigan 

Revisiting Red Lion By Way of O’Brien
Richard Vogel, Ashland University 

The Effects of a Crowded Deliberation Environment on Mock Jurors’ Attitudes and Decision-Making
Charles P. Short, Burt Pryor, Jeff Butler & Sally O. Hastings, University of Central Florida



Volume 6, Issue 1 (2006)

Being James Madison: The Supreme Court's Use of Madison's Arguments in First Amendment Jurisprudence
Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas

The Question Remains-Can Government Intervention Promote Free Speech?: Revisiting Arguments for Structural Regulation 
Jennifer M. Proffitt, Florida State University

Privacy: Ethical and Legal Considerations
Raphael Cohen-Almagor, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel

The Competing Free Speech Philosophies of Franklyn Haiman and John Dunham Peters Through the Lens of Skokie, Illinois 1978
Robert Margesson, Regis University 

Book Review: Democracy Off Balance: Freedom of Expression and Hate Propaganda Law in Canada
Cara M. Huwieler, Wake Forrest Law School



Volume 5, Issue 2 (2005)

The Rhetorical Construction of Justice and Money in Citizens Bank v. Strumpf
Irwin Mallin,University of Indiana-Purdue Fort Wayne

Rally ‘Round the Burning Cross, Boys: A Legal and Rhetorical Analysis of Virginia v. Black
Michael A. Cavanagh, East Carolina University 

An Analysis of Congressional Arguments Limiting Free Speech
Laura Long, University of Oklahoma Law School

A History of Copyright in the United States
Andy S. Long, University of Oklahoma Law School



Volume 5, Issue 1 (2005)

From Nationalism to Migrancy: The Politics of Asian American Transnationalism
Kent A. Ono, University of Illinois 

Picking at Scabs: Labor Rhetoric and Free Speech in the 1940's
Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas

Is South Park Next? A Look at the Supreme Court, Congress and Regulation of Indecency on Cable Television
Faith M. Sparr, Hawaii Pacific University

Attorney Eye Contact and Control In the Courtroom: Act I
Philip J. Aust, Kennesaw State University 



Volume 4, Issue 1 (2002)

Jury Instructions: Are They too Complicated for Jurors to Understand?
Bill G. Horton, University of Arkansas Leah R. Thompson 

Family and Medical Leave Act: Its Communicative Impact on Families and Employers
Patricia Amason, University of Arkansas
Danna M. Gibson, Columbus University
Lynne M. Webb, University of Arkansas
Myria Watkins Allen, University of Arkansas 

Juror Assessment of Veracity, Deception, and Credibility 
Lindsley Smith, University of Arkansas

Attorney/Witness Stories in the Courtroom: Analyzing the Collaborative Dialogue of Direct Examination
Philip Aust, Kennesaw State University  

Comstock Revisited: Janet Reno's First Amendment
Bernadette Reda Mink, University of Arkansas 



Volume 2, Issue 1 (1984) (unavailable)

“Equal Time for Political Candidates: But May They Say Bullshit on the Air?” 
Franklyn S. Haiman

“Voluntary School Prayer and Equal Access in the Public Schools” 
Sen. Dale Bumpers

“The Big Push to End Broadcast Content Controls” 
Craig R. Smith

“Freedom of Interpretation at Baylor University” 
Carl Kell

“Privacy: A Research Priority for the Eighties” 
Robert Anderson

“The Phantom Public: Another Look at the Scientific Creationism Controversy” 
Robert Savage and Diane Blair

“Technology, Mind-Manipulation, and First Amendment Freedoms” 
Daniel Ross Chandler

“Censorship of Sexual Materials: A Bibliography” 
Thomas L. Tedford

“First Amendment Advertorials: A Collection” 
Stephen A. Smith   



Volume 1, Issue 2 (1983) Click here for PDF

“School libraries in Peril” 
Gregg Phifer

“Repression As a Righteous Reign: Anti-Gay Legislation in Florida, Louisiana, Alabama, and Oklahoma” 
Daniel Ross Chandler

“Scientific of Creationism in Arkansas: A Study of Public Opinion, Public Persuasion, and Public Policy” 
Stephen A. Smith

“Freedom of Speech: A Selected Annotated Bibliography” 
Thomas L. Tedford



Volume 1, Issue 1 (1983) Click here for PDF

“It’s Time You Tigers Roared” 
Daniel Patrick Moynihan

“Contemporary Issues in Freedom of Expression: A Review of the Southern States” 
Stephen A. Smith

The Communication Law Review is a joint partnership between
free speech scholars within the communication discipline  
and the Oxbridge Research Group of Fayetteville, Arkansas.